On this day in history:
1814: France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne, one of many battles that took place during the Napoleonic Wars. The Battle of Brienne is the first major battle of 1814. It took place in Brienne-le-Château, a township (or Commune in France) in north-central France near the Aube River.
During the battle, Napoleon was nearly captured by Russian Cossacks. However, in the end, the allies retreated leaving behind 7000 casualties.
1819: Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, an Englishman, lands on the island of Singapore. He is best known for founding the city of Singapore in 1819.
1845: The New York Evening Mirror publishes “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe.